Tropical Storm Nate, which developed as a depression yesterday, made landfall in Nicaragua this morning and is moving over eastern Nicaragua and Honduras this evening. Very heavy rainfall and flash flooding has already resulted in 22 deaths in Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
Nate is progressing generally northward and will emerge over the Northwest Caribbean Sea late tonight where it will have an opportunity to reorganize. The waters over that region are running in the range of 84-86 degrees F (29-30 degrees C), more than sufficient for re-intensification. With that said, the inner core will likely be badly “gutted” by the mountainous terrain of Nicaragua and Honduras and with a second landfall possible Friday evening, time will likely be limited for more robust intensification. With that said, minimal hurricane strength is possible, with a lower chance that the storm may get stronger if it’s inner core can re-organize quickly Friday.
A Hurricane Watch and Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for much of the coastal Yucatan Peninsula. Again, the major threats will be from water…heavy rain and freshwater flooding and also modest (although still hazardous) storm surge and high wave action.
Potential Impacts for Central Gulf Coast of US-
While many details are still in need of being honed in for the Central Gulf Coast…it is highly likely a tropical storm or minimal hurricane will approach the region Saturday evening with landfall early morning Sunday. The biggest threats will be from water (flooding/surge) with wind producing damage from falling trees and power outages.
Sea surface temperatures are slightly cooler along the northern Gulf Coast north of the Loop Current (82-84 degrees F/28-29 degrees C). Still more than warm enough for intensification if the system can remain over the current (a slightly farther west track may leave it over slightly cooler waters longer).
Also, given the shear currently over the Central Gulf will relax over the next couple of days (as an area of upper-level high pressure over Texas shifts westward and weakens), Nate will have an opportunity to re-intensify over the Gulf after leaving the Yucatan Peninsula. Computer models have some variability in timing of an upper trough which will move over the US Central Plains during the day Saturday. This will ultimately influence the exact track of the center of Nate. However both deterministic and ensemble members of the various models depict a likely landfall of the center somewhere from Southeast Louisiana to coastal Mississippi/Alabama. Regardless, widespread heavy rain (particularly near and east of the center), moderate storm surge flooding and high wind conditions will be likely over the coastal areas of these states by Saturday afternoon, spreading inland Saturday night and Sunday. Tropical storm force winds (sustained 39 mph+) will likely arrive on the LA Coast Saturday evening.
Tropical cyclone watches will likely be issued for portions of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama late tonight or early tomorrow morning.
The Atlantic Hurricane Season is currently running above normal (1966-2010 norms in parenthesis): 14 named storms (9), 8 hurricanes (6) and 5 major hurricanes (2). In terms of Accumulated Cyclone Energy (a function of maximum sustained winds over time), 2017 ranks (as of this post) as the 6th most active season on record for the North Atlantic Basin. The average temperature of the North Atlantic Main Development region (open tropics west of Africa) exceeded 83 degrees F (~28 degrees C) for the 9th time since 2002 (had never done so in the record prior going back to 1981). The MDR is the 3rd warmest on record overall.